Life Extension Society 990 N. Powhatan St. Arlington VA 22205 703-534-7277

1995 No. 3        LIFE EXTENSION SOCIETY NEWS        July, 1995

LES Open House Held in Philadelphia

The LES open house in Philadelphia, PA went off as planned on Saturday,
May 13.  The turnout included four cryonicists signed up with national
cryonics organizations, four active "shoppers" who will begin the signup
process soon, and two inquisitive "window shoppers."  The attendees spent
the afternoon getting to know one another, answering basic questions
about cryonics and signup, and enjoying dinner at a local mall.
Overall, two thumbs up.

For further information about cryonics in the Philadelphia area, contact
Guy G*pson, LES Vice President, at 610-825-6939 evenings or by e-mail

LES Board Elects New Officers

The LES Board elected officers at its June 11 meeting.  Mark Mugler, of
Arlington, VA and Joel Finkleman, of Silver Spring, MD were re-elected
as President and Secretary-Treasurer.  Guy G*pson, of Conshohocken,
PA was elected Vice President.

Equipment and Training Update

Charles Platt, Vice President of the CryoCare Foundation, reports in
the latest issue of The CryoCare Report that a prototype collapsible
portable ice bath (PIB) has been constructed and now is being tested
by BioPreservation, Inc.  In addition, Hugh Hixon at the Alcor Life
Extension Foundation has been refining PIB designs for a number of years.

PIBs are used to chill patients upon deanimation to minimize ischemic
injury.  Deployment of improved-design PIBs by local groups will improve
the quality of cryonic stabilization service to their members.

CSNY Stabilization Team Sees Action Again

For the second time in a year, members of the Cryonics Society of New
York have assisted in the suspension of an Alcor member from the New
York area.  Below is an excerpt from an item posted to the Cryonet by
Steve Bridge, Alcor President.

Andy Epstein, a 66-year old history professor, was hospitalized with
pneumonia.  Alcor received less than an hour's notice before clinical
death, which was at about 10:00 p.m. in New York.  This precluded a
prompt field washout, since our Scottsdale team could not have arrived
in New York until late the next morning.  This was also too late for the
backup washout solution to be flown in from Ft. Lauderdale.

However, thanks to some exceptional assistance from hospital personnel,
our cooperating New York mortician, and two transport-trained volunteers,
the suspension proceeded as well as could be expected in such a
situation.  The hospital staff packed the patient in ice [and]
administered heparin, sodium bicarbonate, and Maalox, and the physician
on duty performed closed-chest compressions for 15 minutes to circulate
the drugs.  The mortician quickly picked up the patient and, with the
assistance of Gerry Arthus and Curtis Henderson, packed the patient in
water ice for shipment to Phoenix via the first America West flight [the
next morning].  (America West's overnight cargo crew in Phoenix was
extremely helpful in setting up the shipment.)

By the time the patient arrived at Alcor's Scottsdale facility at 11:15
a.m. (Phoenix time) his temperature was about 4 degrees C.  The glycerol
perfusion went smoothly [and] was completed at 4:10 p.m.  We achieved
a very high glycerol concentration of approximately 7 molar (measured
in effluent from the brain burr hole).  This is extraordinary in a
no-washout situation after approximately 18 hours of (chilled) ischemia.
It is obvious that the hospital intervention provided an immense benefit
to the patient.  We are grateful to the hospital staff, Curtis and Gerry,
and the mortician.

A full suspension report will be published in Cryonics [Magazine] in the
near future.

Life Extension and Cryonics Resources on the Internet

Life extension/cryonics resources abound on the Internet.  Your ability
to take advantage of these resources depends on the nature of your
access.  The simplest is e-mail.  E-mail access providers include AOL,
Bix, Cais, CapAccess, Ccil, Clarknet, CompuServe, Delphi, Digex, Fidonet,
Genie, Netaxs, Netcom, Panix, and Prodigy.  Most of these services
provide other forms of access, such as world-wide-web, newsgroup, and FTP
access.  Life extension/cryonics resources on the Internet include:

o The LES world-wide web home page,  This world-wide-web
  page contains links to all back issues of the LES News and to the home
  pages of LES members.  In addition, through this web page you can
  obtain information on subscribing to the LES News, joining LES, the
  next LES meetings and how to get to them, the officers and Board
  members of LES, reaching LES by e-mail, snail mail, or phone, and
  current and upcoming LES activities.

  The LES web page contains links to other cryonics-related web pages,
  including Ralph Merkle's cryonics page, Tim Freeman's answers to
  frequently asked questions about cryonics, and the Cryonet page.  In
  turn, the Cryonet page contains links to the pages of the various
  cryonics organizations and to archived Cryonet messages.

o The newsgroup, for discussion of life extension
  techniques.  There are ten to twenty messages per day on average.

o The sci.cryonics newsgroup, for discussion of the science behind
  cryonics.  There are one or two messages per day on average.

o The Cryonet mailing list, maintained by Kevin Brown, for all
  discussions relating in any way to cryonics.  The principals of all
  cryonics organizations (including Alcor, American Cryonics Society,
  BioPreservation, Inc., Canadian Cryonics Society, CryoCare, Cryonics
  Institute, Cryonics Society of New York, CryoSpan, Life Extension
  Society, and TransTime, Inc.) participate regularly in the list.  Daily
  volume is approximately 4 messages, 15k bytes, or 300 lines on average.
  To subscribe to the list, send an e-mail message to Kevin at

o Timothy Freeman's list of answers to frequently asked questions about
  cryonics.  If you don't have access to the web, you can obtain these
  FAQs via e-mail at  They also are posted monthly
  to the sci.cryonics newsgroup and are available via anonymous FTP from in the /pub/usenet/sci.cryonics directory.

o Keith Lynch maintains all of the back issues of the Life Extension
  Society News, available via world-wide-web as described above, or via
  anonymous FTP from in the /pub/access/kfl/public_html/les

Please e-mail Keith Lynch,, for more information.

Signing Up for Cryonic Suspension from A to Z

In 1994 issue no. 4 of the News, we reported that Mark Mugler had given
a seminar on signing up for cryogenic preservation.  By popular demand,
a synopsis of the seminar follows.

The organizations with which you will contract for cryonics services can
do only so much.  The rest is up to you.  You need to not only select
a cryonics provider or providers, but also plan, as best you can, for
your own death and for the disposition of your estate.  You may not
have control over, or the slightest knowledge of, how and when you
will deanimate, or how your family and others will behave thereafter.
But if you fail to plan, you hurt only yourself.

Signing up for cryonic suspension involves five steps: choosing a
cryonics organization or organizations; estate planning; research;
development; and execution.  Of course, the steps overlap greatly in
time and vary in level of effort from individual to individual.

Selecting a Provider or Providers.  This topic could be the subject of
a book.  Your personal solution is to network and keep asking a lot of
questions.  A key decision, among many, is whether to go with a "bundled"
organization with all cryonics services under one roof, an "unbundled"
structure involving a membership organization that contracts for
suspension, investment, and storage services, or a hybrid.  This step
could take years, so start now.  (See the 1994 no. 3 issue for a list
of providers.) 

Estate Planning.  When you deanimate, your estate and the proceeds of
insurance policies, IRAs, trusts, and other instruments will pass to
the beneficiaries named in your will and in the financial instruments.
Arranging to finance cryonic suspension cannot be done in a vacuum.  It
must be part of your estate planning.  This will protect you by ensuring
that the funds pass to the organization as you desire.  For example, if
you are a married resident of Virginia, your spouse is entitled to a
share of your "augmented estate," which includes assets passing through
your will as well as insurance, IRAs, etc.  You do not want to make the
mistake of leaving your spouse less than his or her share, or the court
will redistribute the assets to meet state legal requirements.  Needless
to say, such an occurrence could put your suspension or storage at risk.

You need to plan which proceeds go to which beneficiaries.  Ordinarily,
but not always, cryonic suspension and storage are financed with the
proceeds of an insurance policy, or perhaps a trust, naming the cryonics
organization (or cryonics membership organization) as beneficiary.  You
also may designate that organization as a beneficiary under your will or
another financial instrument.

Prepare an inventory of your financial assets and liabilities.

Ascertain costs, as well as acceptable financing methods, from the
cryonics provider or providers and identify your financing needs, such
as the need for more life insurance.

Plan for the disposition of your estate and the proceeds of existing and
future financial instruments.  Consult with a lawyer to ensure that state
property laws and federal estate/inheritance tax laws are considered.

Research.  Let's assume that you need to rewrite your will and apply for
new life insurance.  In addition, let's assume that you do not have an
advance medical directive or a detailed medical history.

You need to research the various types of insurance (whole life, term,
and variants thereon) as well as the underwriters (who offers the type
of insurance you want, and what are their financial ratings and other
attributes) and the features of individual policies.  See LES News no.
2, 1994 for more on insurance.

You should find out what others have done to develop cryonics-oriented
wills and advance medical directives.  The advance medical directive is
actually two documents in one: a living will, which directs how your
final care is to be administered if you are incompetent to do so verbally
at the time; and a durable medical power of attorney, which names an
agent and authorizes the agent to make medical decisions on your behalf
if you cannot do so.  Obviously, both parts can be important to a
cryonicist under certain medical conditions.

You should compile your complete medical history.  You will this both
to apply for insurance and to apply with a cryonics organization for
suspension services.  Obtain the cryonics organization's application form
and the insurance company's application form to see what information
you need.

Development.  Apply for insurance and cryonic suspension.  Designate
your spouse or family member as beneficiary for the time being.  While
the application is pending, draft up a cryonics-oriented will and advance
medical directive.

Execution.  Once your insurance policy is approved, you are ready to
execute the necessary documents.  These include: a change in beneficiary
form designating the cryonics organization as the beneficiary of your
insurance; a new will; an advance medical directive; and the cryonics
agreement and related documents such as the authorization of anatomical
donation and designation of preferred method (whole body or neuro) for
suspension.  Instruction letters to your executor, health care agent,
spouse, and others also should be signed at this time.  The cryonics
agreement and related documents should be sent at once to your cryonics
organization for counter-signature.

Upcoming Meetings and Events

August 13, 1995, 3:00:  Life Extension Society Board meeting at Exhibits,
Inc, 4929 Wyaconda Rd., Rockville, MD.

August 20, 1995:  Cryonics Society of New York bi-monthly meeting.
Contact Janet Pinkney at 201-444-7493 for details.

August 19-31, 1995:  Training in CPR-phase and washout-phase cryogenic
preservation methods.  Contact Mike Darwin at BioPreservation, Inc.,
909-987-3883 for details.

The Life Extension Society is a not-for-profit Maryland Corporation,
incorporated 1992.  LES membership is $60 per year.  Donations are

The Life Extension Society News is published quarterly.  Subscriptions
are $10 per year.  First-time subscribers receive reprints of guest
articles from previous issues.  The LES News also may be accessed on
the Internet (see article, this issue).

Guest articles are welcome.  Contact Mark Mugler at LES to suggest a
guest article or to provide information on upcoming and recent events.

Life Extension Society 990 N. Powhatan St. Arlington VA 22205 703-534-7277